Phillis Wheatley uses several literary elements to convey her complex but succinct message to the reader, and understanding those methods is vital to grappling with the poem. LOGIN TO POST ANSWER. Poetic and literary devices are the same, but a few are used only in poetry. She has been enlightened as to God's redemptive plan. In “To S. M.,” Wheatley articulates the reality of blacks’ ability to create art in spite of the whites’ refusal to accept this “inferior” group of people as able to create anything of significance or be anything more than second-class individuals at best. Redemption in that, the subject is saved from her pagan way of life. The preceding lines of this poem suggest that some, presumably white Christians, will see black people as "scornful" or "diabolic," but the speaker maintains the equality of all under Christianity. In this short poem, Wheatley tries to give the Afro- American theme in a restoration model of writing. - Contact Us - Privacy Policy - Terms and Conditions, Definition and Examples of Literary Terms, Sonnet 55: Not Marble nor the Gilded Monuments, Speech: “Is this a dagger which I see before me, In Memoriam A. H. H. OBIIT MDCCCXXXIII: 27, ← 10 Great Metaphors from Popular 1970’s Songs. Wheatley boldly addresses her … TutorsOnSpot.com. But not the kind of race you win medals for. In this poem, the speaker contends with being "brought from Africa to America," calling this a merciful act as their "benighted soul" was taught to "understand/ That there's a God" and a Saviour. As the first African American woman to publish a book of poetry, Wheatley uses this poem to argue that all … In-depth explanations of the themes found in On Being Brought from Africa to America. ‘Twas mercy brought me from my Pagan land, Taught my benighted soul to understand That there’s a God, that there’s a Saviour too.”, Copyright © 2021 Literary Devices. In her meditation, Wheatley attempts to come to terms with artistic and personal abstractions such as what art is and when fancy becomes imagination. Wheatley’s most prominent themes in this piece are religion, freedom, and equality. Interpret Reread lines 5-6 of "On Being Brought from Africa to America." Subsequently, question is, what is the pagan land mentioned in the first line? Illustrate instances of each theme and write a short description below each cell. LOGIN TO VIEW ANSWER. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Slaves can and should rise up in violent revolt.D. Evening is the most inspirational time of day.C. Here is the analysis of some of the poetic devices used in this poem. Wheatley’s poem, “On Being Brought from Africa to America” is part of a set of works that Henry Louis Gates Jr. recognized as a historically significant literary contribution for black Americans and black women (Baym et al. What do these lines tell you about the speaker's experience? The title, "On Being Brought from Africa to America" is nearly as blunt as I can get. Identify the theme(s) from "On Being Brought From Africa to America" you wish to include and replace the "Theme 1" text. So, the format is British and the theme of the poem is American. Log in here. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our Start-of-Year sale—Join Now! In order to magnify the discrepancy between the whites’ perception of blacks and the reality of the situation, Wheatley guardedly speaks of the good the whites have done in bringing blacks into the Christian world. See important quotes from On Being Brought from Africa to America by Phillis Wheatley - organized by theme and location, with explanations about what each means. The analysis of the literary devices used in this poem has been given below. On being brought from Africa to America By: Phillis Wheatley Rhyme Scheme Land A Understand A Too B Knew B Eye C Die Diction C Cain D Benighted- Ignorant to the fact that someone can take her and sell her Train D Sable Race- The poem is about how negros were viewed and how they In the concluding four lines of the poem, Wheatley argues that blacks and whites are made from the same spiritual cloth and that both can “be refin’d, and join th’ angelic train” of salvation. What is one theme of "On Being Brought from Africa to America" by Phillis Wheatley?A. This is what Wheatley does in “On Being Brought from Africa to America.” First, she shows how life is perceived by white enslavers and many of the enslaved. The latter is implied, at least religiously, in the last lines. In the poem "On Being Brought from Africa to America," Wheatley is stating that she has been redeemed. It is not until the second half of the poem, however, that Wheatley brings into play an understanding that runs counter to the careless reader’s impressions. Throughout the poem, the speaker talks about God's mercy and the indifferent attitude of the people toward the African-American community. However, one of the most significant abstractions with which she contends is where the African American slave fits into the grand scheme of things. With a title about being brought to America on a slave ship, and phrases like "sable race" and "diabolic die," we've got a poem weighted with racial tensions in America during the eighteenth century, especially between blacks and whites. She proved … This poem is more about the power of God than it is about equal rights, but it is still touched on. 752). This poem is clearly about the writer’s thoughts about being transported as a slave from Africa such as, Gambia or Senegal areas that were not considered to be Christian land by America’s standards. This interactive teaching plan will … God is not interested in the lives of His creations. Then she moves on to argue that in the final analysis both races have the same potential and are one in their relationship with the same supreme being who, as her subtext discloses, is color-blind when granting salvation. "On Being Brought from Africa to America" These final lines in "On Being Brought from Africa to America" insist that anyone can "join th' angelic train" and be redeemed, regardless of their race. Major Themes in “On Being Brought from Africa to America”: Mercy, racism and divinity are the major themes of this poem. Phillis Wheatley has also used a few literary devices in this poem to express her ideas. Already a member? "On Being Brought" mixes themes of slavery, Christianity, and salvation, and although it's unusual for Wheatley to write about being a slave taken from Africa to America, this poem strategically addresses ideas of liberty, religion, and racial equality. On Being Brought from Africa to America By Phillis Wheatley 'Twas mercy brought me from my Pagan land, Taught my benighted soul to understand. In a few short lines, the poem "On Being Brought from Africa to America" juxtaposes religious language with the institution of slavery, to touch on the ideas of equality, salvation, and liberty. Wheatley’s work is convincing based on its content. "On Being Brought from Africa to America" is a poem written by Phillis Wheatley, published in her 1773 poetry collection "Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral." Throughout the poem, the speaker talks about God’s mercy and the indifferent attitude of the people toward the African-American community. Major Themes in “On Being Brought from Africa to America”: Mercy, racism and divinity are the major themes of this poem. Word Count: 352. But not the kind of race you win medals for. The conflict between racial reality and perception is most vividly and artistically presented in Wheatley’s “On Being Brought from Africa to America” when she uses such poetic devices as irony, italics, and first-person narration to express her unwillingness to be cast into a second-fiddle role. “Taught my benighted soul to understand That there’s a God, that there’s a Saviour too.”, “‘Twas mercy brought me from my Pagan land, Taught my benighted soul to understand That there’s a God, that there’s a Saviour too.”. On being brought from Africa to America. For instance, “On Being Brought from Africa to America,” the best-known Wheatley poem, chides the Great Awakening audience to remember that Africans must be included in the Christian stream: “Remember, Christians, Negroes, black as Cain, /May be refin’d and join th’ angelic train.” The remainder of Wheatley’s themes can be classified as celebrations of America. On Being Brought From Africa to America is an unusual poem because it was written by a black woman who was a slave back in the days when black people could be bought and sold at will by white owners. Much of her need to understand comes from the refusal of many in the white reading community to take her seriously as an artist because she was both black and a woman. The major themes are slavery, Christianity, and redemption. In her letter to Mary Wooster, Wheatley reinforces this perspective by denouncing Christians who believe they can achieve salvation while still supporting the enslavement of black people. 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