Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. A … Six countries: Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, Great Britain, France, and the United States, had colonies in Southeast Asia. Colonies are territories that have no independent representation and are under the political control of a state. India. Napoleon Bonaparte invaded the country in 1798 and the presence of the French helped secularize and modernize Egypt. In the sixteenth century, “England was a backward country”, says Robertson. Here are some interesting facts about British Colonization of Australia below: Canada’s road to independence has been long and winding. During this time, the vast majority of Iran was under rule by the Qajar Dynasty, … Senegal. However, the British Empire controlled a substantial amount of territory in Africa from the 16th century to the 18th century, from what is now South Africa to what is now Egypt. British bronze medal (1834) commemorating the end of slavery in the British colonies under King William IV (1830-1837). It all began back in the 1600s when Britain first set up the East India Company in order to ... Hong Kong. Britain began colonizing the world back in the 16th century and spread its power through a strong army and by partnering with local authorities to conduct business. Britain expanded to Africa and India both full of resources, and both full of people with different cultures, customs, and religions. While various countries gained their independence over time, even by 1952 when Queen Elizabeth took the throne, over 70 colonies still existed in the empire overseas. The history of colonization began when the First Fleet of Britain arrived in Sydney. Nothing lasts forever, however. The colonization was orchestrated by the East India Company, a British corporation that traded cotton, silk, spices and tea. Of these England, the tardiest on the scene, finally took control of the beginnings of what is now the United States. The primary motive was to become a planetary superpower and dominate the world. Britain advanced the land and the territories greatly in terms of technology and society, it came at the expense of the native peoples. THE LIGHTLY COLONIZED COUNTRIES OF THE FERTILE CRESCENT. The other chief colonisers were France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Portugal and Spain. Iraq: Occupied by Britain in World War I. Nominally independent after 1932. The last province to join since the 1867 confederation was Newfoundland and Labrador in 1949 and the last territory was Nunavut in 1999. The New South Wales colony on Australia's east coast was divided into separate colonies during the mid-1800s. Rwanda. Togo. Early on, it was pretty clear that war-weary Europe would soon be fighting again over the spoils of the New World. Russia was successful in capturing some of the northern areas of the Empire (present-day Turkmenistan, for example) in the 19th century. It remains to be seen if any one power will again dominate over such a large portion of the globe, but history does have a tendency to repeat itself. Much of Europe, a continent that had dominated the world for several centuries, was in ruins, and host to the armies of the United States and the Soviet Union, who now held the balance of global power. Britain had an extensive history of colonization, and it wanted colonies in North America for multiple reasons, including to increase their trading opportunities, create new jobs, and bring in revenue from colonial workers and goods. Lesson Summary. European countries with interest in Africa met in Berlin in 1884 to divide the continent among themselves. Here is a brief look at some former British Colonies and how they came to be. Interestingly, 18 African countries that were formerly British colonies have chosen to remain connected to Great Britain as members of the British Commonwealth. Nonetheless, British colonials held themselves apart from local people more than other Europeans did, hiring locals as domestic help, but rarely intermarrying with them. These were all places Britain wanted to dominate for access to goods such as rubber, salt, gold, ivory, and other natural products. British influence in India has been longlasting, and English is commonly used as a lingua franca in the country. At this time, these included New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, and “Canada” which was comprised of Upper and Lower Canada, today the provinces of Ontario and Quebec. One of the last British colonies to gain its independence was Zimbabwe in 1980. By the 1750s until 1947, Britain ruled the Subcontinent. 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